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Название: Английский для дилеров системы Рейтер. English for Reuters Dealers

Автор: Ю.М. Зудин

Жанр: Учебники, лекции и словари


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Medium and short term technical analysis


The Dynamic Trading Approach


Economic Days

While common sense would lead us to use only empirical

results, i.e. business day observations, can we assume that volatility is the same day in and day out? Obviously not. On some days markets move more than on other days. We will call these days «Economic Days», where a corporate buyout or natural disaster fundamentally impacts the price of an asset.

On most davs. market volatility will be low since substantial «Economic Days» do not occur that often. The overall price

movement (volatility) that will occur in any market will simply

be the summation of all price movements both subdued and ex

treme. When the analvst is forecasting volatility, he cannot do so blindly. He must adjust his projections based on the number of «Economic Days» that have already occurred over his sample period. After counting the «Economic Days» that have already occurred, he will have a better feel for the remaining number of expected «Economic Days». While we can never be certain of what may occur, applying simple principles of probability can provide insights.


common sense — здравый смысл,







day in day out — изо дня в день,










buyout —выкуп, приобретение

контрольного пакета акций,










to impact —влиять,






It's all about PROFITS

Reiving only on chart support and resistance is not very effective, as these levels can be penetrated easily in strong trending markets and often leave the analyst feeling 'lost' when the price enters uncharted territory. Most intra-day players do not care whether the greenback closes higher or lower in the US, as they only trade between 8:00am and 5:00pm during their own time

zone. Projected targets that are 150—300 points away from the current rate are therefore of no practical interest to them. While the direction of major trend is important. what an intra-dav trader needs is an approach that will enable him to profit continuously on normal trading days. In an uptrend, for example, a 50 to 80 point rise may be followed by a 20—30 point pullback and then another rise of 60—80 points. The secret is to develop a method by which one can buy on such pullbacks, get the profit and exit in time. I sincerely believe that the Dynamic Trading Approach does just that by capturing the ups and downs of intra-day as well as day to day moves. It has worked for us in forecasting the market moves with 65—70 per cent accuracy (3 to 5 intra-day and 1 —2 daily forecasts every trading day over the last 8 years).

л to subdue —ослаблять,

a: sample —образец,

i ' insight — проникновение во что-либо, интуиция

е projected targets —проецируемые цели





At the beginning of December 1995 dollar/DM broke

above 1.4435. But the resistance at 1.4580 proved to be too strong. The subsequent retracement from this area helped to build uptrend pressure. Another assault on the upside is possible.

In January a break above the 1.4545/80 zone is likely to trigger a rally to 1.5045 with the medium term objective of 1.56/1.58.

Dips will find support in the 1.428/65 band.


Hold longs and add on dips to 1.4340/00. Keep the stop/

reverse below 1.4265/60. Cover longs on rallies to 1.4545/1.48.

Loss of 1.4265 will indicate a correction towards the 1.40/1.38

area. Reinstate longs here, stop/reverse below 1.37—for 1.3455.

USD/DEM technical commentary

(31 JAN—01 MAR 96)

31 Jan 96 Dollar/DM keeps entrenched within the recent con

solidation range. Immediate upside pressure is intact. Further consolidation within the range is not out of the question. Near term support for dips is centered on the 1.4850 pivot. A test of the 1.4935/40 peak may be triggered by a break above 1.4915.

01 Feb. 96 Pressure is preserved on the upside. If good support




to retrace

— возвращаться













— атака, штурм





i: ei



to reinstate

— восстанавливать












to entrench

— закрепиться








to provoke

— вызвать












to sustain

— поддержать









— уязвимый





in the 1.4785/65 zone is held, immediate upside po

tential will be intact. A break above 1.4915 will pro

voke a test of the 1.4935/40 peak and sustain acceleration to 1.4990, the 1.5045.

05 Feb. 96 A test of the 1.4735/15 support band is possible. It is a result of sharp reversal from the 1.4915 area. To ease corrective pressure, a break back above the 1.4835/50 band is needed. The market will be left

vulnerable to a deeper correction if the 1.4835/15

band is not held.

06 Feb. 96 A deeper sell off may be prevented if the USD/DEM correction holds over 1.4580/1.4605 area. Immediate downward pressure will be alleviated by a break back above 1.4740/50. A rally through 1.4785 will

confirm a resumption of the uptrend towards 1.4850,1.4915.

07 Feb. 96 USD/DEM sustains the end of the corrective phase and the resumption of the uptrend towards 1.4850, 1.4915. 1.4605 has been held. There is a potential for failure at 1.4785.

08 Feb. 96 USD/DEM broke above the 1.4755/85 band and continues its stady advance. Near term support is

now at 1.4745/35. The end of the corrective phase is

confirmed with 1.4910/15 initial target.




to alleviate

— ослаблять

















— временный







































































12 Feb. 96 There is a risk of another downside leg towards pivotal support in the 1.4605/1.4580 band. A break below 1.4710 may trigger such a drop. There will be light resistance for rallies at 1.4785. A recovery beyond 1.4825 will indicate a resumption of the uptrend to 1.4955. Now USD/DEM is still entrenched in its consolidation range.

19 Feb. 96 The market is vulnerable to a much deeper retracement towards 1.4280/65. Interim support is centred

on the 1.4385/75 band.

22 Feb. 96 USD/DEM remains under short term downward

pressure as long as the 1.4610/35 band caps. Some

consolidation within a 1.4605-1.4405 range is possible ahead of a retest of the downside.

26 Feb. 96 USD/DEM is pinned within its consolidation range as long as the 1.4605/35 zone caps. Overall pressure

is on the downside.

27 Feb. 96 USD/DEM has held well on the downside in the

1.4430/05 area over the last few days and continues

to oscillate within its narrowing range with parameters to day of 1.4575 — 1.4430. With a break above 1.4575/85 there is now room for a test of upper resistance levels.

01 Mar. 96 USD/DEM has achieved the initial target area of

1.4745/75 and maintained upward pressure. A break of this zone will lead to some consolidation with 1.4825 the next objective. The pivotal 1.4650/95 band will give good support to dips.





о to oscillate

— колебаться
















to balk

— задерживать



















































































Dollar—yen Jan. 1996)

Medium Term Outlook.

The end of the four-month old consolidation phase indicates the start of the uptrend towards the 120 long term objective. Overall pressure to the top side may trigger a break above the 1995 peak of 104.70 followed by an acceleration to 106.60/65 then to the medium term target area of 111/113.60 Dips will find now support at 103, 101,50.


Hold longs, add on dips to 103/ 101.50, stop/reverse below 100.50. Add to longs on a break above 104.70, looking for 105.50, then to 106.60/65 area. Cover all longs on rallies to this target.


USD/JPY technical commentary (06—11 Mar. 1996)

06 Mar. 96 USD/JPY is entrenched in a consolidation range above good support at 104.85. Abreak above 105.30 may trigger an upward move towards 105.85/106. A deeper retracement to 104.65/40 is a possibility with the loss of 104.85.

07 Mar. 96 Break above 105.30 has prompted upward move. A test of the 105.85/106 band is likely, triggering a rally to the significant pivotal area of 106.45/60. An eventual break will confirm a rally to 106.95, then to 107.55.

08 Mar. 96 USD/JPY remained pinned down within a tight consolidation range and failed to sustain upside move as far as the 105.85/106 area. Pivotal support is intact at 104.85. A break above 105.85 may confirm a resumption of the uptrend towards 106.45/60.

11 Mar. 96 USD/JPY has balked on initial test of the 106.40/80 band. A sharp pullback into the previous range was triggered by dense resistance. Pivotal short term support in the 105.05/104.85 band needs to hold to prevent a sell-off towards 103.65 pressure is building for a resumption of the up-trend towards 111/113 target.

 Sterling-Dollar Jan 1996) Medium Term Outlook

Sterling long term uptrend is now complete, confirming the start of a consolidation phase. The market will be under overall pressure as long as the 1.5685/1.5715 area continues to cap. The medium term objective is 1.46/1.45. A downtrend may be triggered by a break back below 1.52.


Hold short, add on any rallies to 1.5610,   1.5685,  stop/reverse  over 1.5715. Cover shorts on dips to 1.52/ 5180, reinstating on a break, looking for 1.46/1.45 to cover. A break above 1.5685/1.5705   may   provoke   a resumption of neutral consolidation below 1.5855/80. Reinstate shorts in this zone, stop/reverse above for 1.6240/50.



Ex. 1. Put questions to the underlined words.

Ex. 2. Read and translate the articles.

Ex. 3. Learn the noun and verb collocations of the technical commentary. Make your own commentary of the

USD/DEM moves of the missing dates of the chart (08—27 FEB 96). Ex. 4. Translate from Russian into English in writing and then from English into Russian orally.

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